Veterans and Canadian Armed Forces members with a medical condition or disability, related to service, can apply for disability benefits.
Canada at War: Participation and Casualties
- South Africa War (1899-1902)
- Approximately 7,000 Canadians served; almost 300 of them gave their lives. They are commemorated in the South African War / Nile Expedition Book of Remembrance.
- First World War (1914-1918)
- Approximately 650,000 Canadians served, including members of the Canadian Expeditionary Force, Canadians and Newfoundlanders who served with British forces (Newfoundland was a colony of Great Britain until 1949) and merchant mariners. Of this number, more than 68,000 gave their lives. They are commemorated in the First World War Book of Remembrance, the Merchant Navy Book of Remembrance and the Newfoundland Book of Remembrance.
- Second World War (1939-1945)
- More than one million Canadians and Newfoundlanders served in Canada's Armed Forces, in Allied forces or in the merchant navy; over 47,000 of them gave their lives. They are commemorated in the Second World War Book of Remembrance, the Merchant Navy Book of Remembrance and the Newfoundland Book of Remembrance.
- Note: The Newfoundland Book of Remembrance commemorates the men and women of Newfoundland who gave their lives in defence of freedom during both the First and Second World Wars - before Newfoundland became a province of Canada on April 1, 1949. The Merchant Navy Book of Remembrance commemorates the men and women of the Merchant Marine who gave their lives while serving Canada at sea during both the First World War and the Second World War.
- Korean War (1950-1953)
- 26,791 Canadians served in the Canadian Army Special Force; 516 of them gave their lives. They are commemorated in the Korean War Book of Remembrance.
- In the Service of Canada (as of March 2014)
- More than 1,800 Canadians are commemorated in the Seventh Book of Remembrance, In the Service of Canada. They gave their lives in service to their country, including peacekeeping and other foreign military operations, domestic operations and training, since October 1947, with the exception of those commemorated in the Korean War Book of Remembrance. The Seventh Book of Remembrance is unique because it is a living document that will be used to commemorate those who have given their lives "In the Service of Canada" for generations to come. The names of Canadian Forces personnel whose deaths were related to Afghanistan service are commemorated in this Book.
Estimated Veteran Population as of March 2014**
- Second World War
- 75,900; their average age is 91
- Korean War
- 9,100; their average age is 83.
- CF Veterans (Regular Forces and Primary Reserves)
- 600,300; their average age is 57.
**Estimates of the Veteran population are derived from information in the 1971 Census, a 1988 Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey, and Statistics Canada life tables.
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